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Journal of Women and Social Work

University of Texas at Austin
Co Editor-in-Chief:
University of Denver, Denver, CO

Published in Association with Women and Social Work, Inc.

The Editorial Board of Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work invites the submission of manuscripts, poetry, articles, reports, essays, and literary pieces that relate to its mission: to the discussion and development of feminist values, theories, and knowledge as they relate to social work and social welfare, research, education, and practice. All forms of writing and analysis will be considered and a range of feminist perspectives will be encouraged. The intent of Affilia is to bring insight and knowledge to the task of eliminating discrimination and oppression, especially with respect to gender, race, ethnicity, class, age, disability, and sexual and affectional preference. The editors seek manuscripts from people both in and outside the field of social work that offer a critical analysis of the condition of women in this and other societies, apply these ideas to social welfare purposes, and work toward the empowerment of women in an equitable society. Affilia also publishes book reviews in each issue. If you are interested in suggesting a book for review or reviewing a book for Affilia, please email the book editor, Dr. Patricia O’Brien ( Please note that Affilia does not accept unsolicited book reviews.

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to where authors will be required to set up an online account on the SAGE Track system powered by ScholarOne, the manuscript should be double-spaced in 12-point font. Maximum length of a manuscript for an article is 20 pages (25 pages for manuscripts reporting on qualitative or historic research), including text, tables, references, and all else. Maximum length for an article title is ten words. Authors are requested to submit manuscripts in the reference style specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Authors should supply a separate cover sheet with name of the author(s) and other identifying information. An abstract of fewer than 100 words should accompany the manuscript.

The manuscript should include four major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.

1. Title page. Please include the following:

  • Full article title
  • Acknowledgments and credits
  • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
  • Grant numbers and/or funding information
  • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 250 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

(i) Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

(ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg. (L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

(iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation. Eg. Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

(iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews, and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Eg. (E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

(v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date"). Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

It is assumed that manuscripts are submitted for exclusive consideration of Affilia and have not been simultaneously submitted elsewhere.

6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:-

  •  The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
  • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
  • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
  • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
  • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document. 
  • Manuscripts submitted to XXX [journal acronym] should strictly follow the XXX manual (xth edition) [style manual title with ed].
  • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
  • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
  • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA(6th Ed).

  • Books:

Book with place of publication-- Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.

Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

Book with author & publisher are the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.

Chapter in an edited book-- Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley & T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.


  • Periodicals:

Journal article with more than one author (print)-- Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.

Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from

  • Internet Sources:

Internet – no author, no date-- Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://

Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from

  • Examples of various types of information sources:

Act (statute / legislation)-- Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from

Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Brochure / pamphlet (no author)-- Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

Conference Paper-- Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview & Youtube)-- Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.

Magazine-- Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.  

Newspaper article (no author)-- Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5

Podcast (audio or video)-- Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

Software (including apps-- UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from

Television programme-- Flanagan, A., & Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors). (2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.  

Thesis (print)-- Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.  

Thesis (online)-- Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from

IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

Detailed Style and Format Requirements


1. Manuscripts submitted to AFFILIA should strictly follow the APA manual (6th edition) .

2. Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.

3. Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.

4. Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically. Eg. Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC). Headings should be clear and brief.

8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

IMPORTANT: PERMISSION- The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in (AFFILIA). A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.


Authors are required to submit written permission to reprint, from the original publisher, any quoted material of 300 words or more from a single source (journal article or book); any quoted material from a newspaper (especially The New York Times), a poem, or a song (even a phrase); and any table or figure reproduced from another work.

After editing, a corrected copy of the manuscript saved on a disk must be returned with the final hard copy (see letter of acceptance). Authors are requested to submit manuscripts in the reference style specified in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Text references use the author’s surname and the year of publication; superior figures are not used. The References section at the end of each article contains the full citation, alphabetized by author, with initials for the author’s first name, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. Titles of articles, chapters, and books are to be typed lowercase except for the initial letter, and no quotation marks are used with titles of articles or chapters. Titles of journals and publishing companies, however, follow the usual style of capitalizing the appropriate letters. This style affords no place for notes or comments in the References section or footnotes in the text. Such notes should be incorporated into the text if they are pertinent. Simple asides will not be included.

Submission of a manuscript implies commitment to publish in this journal. Manuscripts submitted to the journal should not have been published elsewhere in substantially similar content. Authors in doubt about what constitutes prior publication should consult the Editor in Chief.

As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

· The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission

· The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors

· Reviewer nominees cannot be affiliated with any of the authors’ institutions

Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

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To purchase a non-standard subscription or a back issue, please contact SAGE Customer Services for availability. +44 (0) 20 7324 8701

Institutional, Single Print Issue £126.00
Individual Single Print Issue £25.00
Frequency: Quarterly eISSN: 1552-3020 ISSN: 0886-1099
Months of Distribution: February , May , August , November Current Volume: 30 Current Issue: 1
Other Titles in: Social Work Practice  |  Women's Studies

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