Chapter 7 - AggressionSkip to main content

1

Biological theories of aggression suggest that:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - Biological theories of aggression focus on explaining aggressive acts as innate tendencies.

Incorrect! - Biological theories of aggression focus on explaining aggressive acts as innate tendencies.

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2

The evolutionary explanation of aggression suggests that being aggressive:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - The evolutionary explanation of aggression suggests that people may have innate aggressive tendencies as a means of protecting their mates and their children so that there genetic material is passed on.

Incorrect! - The evolutionary explanation of aggression suggests that people may have innate aggressive tendencies as a means of protecting their mates and their children so that there genetic material is passed on.

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3

The idea that aggressive behaviour could be explained by the person being frustrated by some person or event is known as:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - The frustration-aggression hypothesis states that when people become frustrated by a person or event that they discharge this frustration by being aggressive. This is closely related to the cathartic hypothesis which states that letting off steam restores emotional balance.

Incorrect! - The frustration-aggression hypothesis states that when people become frustrated by a person or event that they discharge this frustration by being aggressive. This is closely related to the cathartic hypothesis which states that letting off steam restores emotional balance.

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4

The idea that arousal is labelled as aggression and that the associated arousal may lead the perceiver to carry over their arousal and react aggressively in another situation is outlined by :

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - According to this model arousal or excitation may be transferred between situations. This means that aggression in one situation may be carried over to a different situation.

Incorrect! - According to this model arousal or excitation may be transferred between situations. This means that aggression in one situation may be carried over to a different situation.

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5

Much human behaviour is learned via observation and forms a guide for subsequent behaviour. This is known as:

a)
b)
c)
d)
Correct! - All of these apply. Social learning theory argues that peoples' behaviour is shaped by observing the way other people behave. This phenomenon can also be referred to as observational learning or modelling.Incorrect! - All of these apply. Social learning theory argues that peoples' behaviour is shaped by observing the way other people behave. This phenomenon can also be referred to as observational learning or modelling.Your answer has been saved.
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6

Which of the following personality types are associated with aggression:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - The tendency to ruminate over things is associated with aggression. Other personality types associated with aggression are irritability and emotional susceptibility.

Incorrect! - The tendency to ruminate over things is associated with aggression. Other personality types associated with aggression are irritability and emotional susceptibility.

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7

Which of the following people are more likely to be aggressive?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - People with a type A personality are ambitious and high achieving who are in a rush to reach their goals and compete with others. It is these people who are most likely to be aggressive.

Incorrect! - People with a type A personality are ambitious and high achieving who are in a rush to reach their goals and compete with others. It is these people who are most likely to be aggressive.

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8

The idea that drunk people behave aggressively based on expectations about how alcohol will affect their behaviour is:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - None of the above is true. The correct theory is the alcohol expectation theory.

Incorrect! - None of the above is true. The correct theory is the alcohol expectation theory.

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9

Affective aggression is defined as aggression that is meant to:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - Affective aggression is that which is meant to cause harm. Instrumental aggression is aggression which serves a purpose other than harm.

Incorrect! - Affective aggression is that which is meant to cause harm. Instrumental aggression is aggression which serves a purpose other than harm.

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10

The idea that people are more likely to behave aggressively if they think they have been provoked is known as:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - The reciprocity principle states that if people think that someone has been aggressive to them they will respond with aggression.

Incorrect! - The reciprocity principle states that if people think that someone has been aggressive to them they will respond with aggression.

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11

A weakening of the normative constraints which usually lead to the avoidance of aggressive behaviour is known as:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - Disinhibition is when there is a weakening of normative constraints against aggression. Deindividuation and dehumanization are both reasons why this process may occur, but they do not describe the process.

Incorrect! - Disinhibition is when there is a weakening of normative constraints against aggression. Deindividuation and dehumanization are both reasons why this process may occur, but they do not describe the process.

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12

Emergent norm theory and deindividuation principles suggest different causes of aggressive behaviour. The difference between the two is that:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - Emergent norm theory argues that a norm emerges that allows aggressive behaviour to be exhibited whereas deindividuation describes a process whereby personal inhibitions are ignored because people go along with the crowd.

Incorrect! - Emergent norm theory argues that a norm emerges that allows aggressive behaviour to be exhibited whereas deindividuation describes a process whereby personal inhibitions are ignored because people go along with the crowd.

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13

In a relationship verbal or physical aggression towards another person that has a sexual component is known as:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - This is sexual aggression. Domestic violence does not necessarily have a sexual component.

Incorrect! - This is sexual aggression. Domestic violence does not necessarily have a sexual component.

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14

Zillman and Bryant (1984) showed that participants who had been exposed to a large amount of violent pornography subsequently:

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - People exposed to a lot of violent pornography viewed rape as more acceptable. This suggests that the high level of exposure to violent sexual material available in society may have a role to play in causing sexual aggression.

Incorrect! - People exposed to a lot of violent pornography viewed rape as more acceptable. This suggests that the high level of exposure to violent sexual material available in society may have a role to play in causing sexual aggression.

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15

According to Moghaddam (2005) there are how many stages to becoming a terrorist?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Correct! - In the model there are six stages to becoming a terrorist starting at ground floor and then going up to the fifth floor.

Incorrect! - In the model there are six stages to becoming a terrorist starting at ground floor and then going up to the fifth floor.

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